The Japanese plane or Kanna plane is a tool pulled toward the user rather than pushed forward like western planes. They are made of hardwood, usually Japanese white or red oak.

The laminated steel and iron blade is hard compared to western planes. Also, the blades tend to be thicker. Kannas plane so smoothly that sanding is often not necessary. There are around 300 different types of Kanna.

Some of the most common include:

Ooganna – A smoothing bench plane

Mamehiraganna – the equivalent of a western block plane

Kiwaganna – a shoulder plane with the blade angled to work on tenon shoulders and other joinery

Sorikanna – a plane with a convex sole that is used for scooping out curved surfaces

Nankin kanna – a wooden spokeshave with two handles

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